(timstamped link where he shows some differences in older great wave productions and modern productions)
There’s a really good video that goes into some history of a carver and David Bulls (guy in the video) journey to becoming a carver.
This video from Tokyo woodblock printmaker Dave Bull tells the story of his experiences with one of the old carvers - the late Mr. Susumu Ito. It’s a combination of reminiscences and video clips from TV programs of the 1990’s.
I have one small print (not of the wave) in my house. The detail is so good, not only the colours and accuracy in the print, but even the embossing, the individual parts of the print you can feel from the tree branches to the individual snow flakes.
I plan to get the great wave when there are some available.
Interestingly as well, there’s a really excellent thought experiment surrounding this type of art in what constitutes an original? Very similar to the Ship of Theseus thought experiment.
The Japanese made it into a high art, but in the west, it was a cheaper alternative to lithography, so you see it in craft art and early small-scale “mass” production of images. It’s basically just carving a stamp.
That’s not a wood block though it’s a vinyl carving. I did some of this in the past and there’s no reason it can’t be just as intricate, although it is more forgiving as the vinyl flexes more than a straight wood block, plus not having a grain to follow makes it easier on the artist.
It’s interesting as well as the tradition hasn’t changed much in Japan. In Europe for example we have all sorts of this kind of technique, however their engravings on different material mass printed. It’s not quite the same, and again monochrome.
To get the different colours on Japanese woodblocks they use multiple blocks for each colour etc. the technique for applying the right colour in the right place with the right strength and right gradation with just the right amount of pressure is an art in its self.
I think this makes sense with Japan’s relationship to wood. Culturally, it’s a high art medium, where it typically isn’t in western cultures. The best talent in the west used lithography (or a completely different medium altogether).
So for comparisons sake I think i’ve found the western modern colour lithography equivalent of Japanese woodblock printing.
So much uses very similar ideas. One block per colour, multiple printings on the same paper.
But some of the methods are different, stone instead of wood, mechanical machines for printing instead of by hand.
One of the most interesting is that (at least these particular people) they seem to destroy the previous block carvings after each colour print run, choosing to remove them draw the next colour section on the same block. I don’t know why?
From the japaese woodblock perspective they seem to keep separate blocks for each colour, re-carving the blocks after they wear down. Its why there are reproductions today of the great wave for example, where re-carvings of the original design are make (some better than others) only after thousands of prints before new blocks are needed. Maybe these stone blocks are only good for a small number of prints due to how its carved? No idea.
Its good to see though what i think is probably an equivalent of this type of art though a different method.
There’s a program on NHK World that airs whenever they need to fill a 1 hour block for content called “Dive into Ukiyo-E” that covers these as well.
It is also available unofficially if you search it on YouTube, but to officially watch it, just catch it whenever the livestream airs it. NHK World is also available over the air as a digital subchannel in some parts of the US. I get it over KBTC-DT.
I believe destroying the blocks is to ensure the value of the printed edition. So art collectors can purchase prints without the risk of more being made later, devaluing them. There could be other reasons though. The stones are like 500lbs so keeping a bunch around isn’t practical.
It’s somewhat confusing. @Steinwerks was replying to me because I posted an American Linotype which is technically a linoleum carving but is also technically a subset of woodcut. He meant linoleum, not vinyl (which he clarified). I had meant to post a more traditional woodcut like yours but googled hastily and posted the Linotype.
In any case, printmaking is a really important step in the progression of media in art history. Printmaking combines the technologies of 2D illustration with 3D relief to create the first reproducible images. Technologically, it is parallel with the printing press.
The printmaking tradition very much leads into photography. The first photograph is chemically etched into metal.