An INCREDIBLY casual experience, but very, very enjoyable one I just picked up during the Halloween sale was Lilli: Child of Geos. It lacks the co-op you're asking for though, so may not be an option for you. It's also only around 5-hours in length and is $20, which I think is a bit steep for it. Thanks to the Halloween sale, I got it for $5 which was a STEAL for this game.
I loved it enough to write a full review on it (which I don't do often) so I'll gladly express more thoughts about it, if you are at all interested.
Cloudbuilt is an interesting game that maybe tries too hard to make a deep story, but the gameplay is tight. It's a 3rd person platformer, but it more plays like a....slightly more open ended free-runner, where you need to do some tricky maneuvers to get to the end goal. Once again, lacks co-op. I didn't finish it, so I don't have much else to say other than: nice art style, good controls.
Quantum Conundrum is such a charming little game. It was developed by the original director of Portal 1 and it DEFINITELY shows. It's sort of like an expansion to Portal 1 without the Portal gun, but instead relying on 4 different "dimensions" to control the physics of objects. The 4 dimensions being fluffy (light), Metal (heavy), Slow, and Reversed gravity. I had great fun, but it's sadly fairly short, and again: no co-op.
Everyone knows about Trine, but if you don't: Trine 2. Go get it.
Lastly, would be "The Long Dark" - actually made me laugh that Logan mentioned Pistol was playing it - it's still in Early Access, but it takes the survival genre that seems to have been emerging in recent years - mostly around zombies - and puts you up against the cold northern wilds of Canada - NO ZOMBIES! YAY!!!! Just wolves, and the bitter cold to fight against. I quite enjoy it. I think it's about worth the current price at $20, but the dev said at final release it will retail $40, which I think is way too steep, they better add a lot of content to convince me that is a fair price.
And, of course, no co-op for it. I play by myself, so I don't really look for multiplayer games.
A few honorable mentions: "Divinity: Original Sin", "Wasteland 2", "Gas Guzzlers Extreme", "Blacklight: Retribution", "Warframe", "Loadout"